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How many different types of metal are there?
There is roughly a
round 95 out of the 118 elements in the periodic table that are metals.
Some of the most common ones used in our everyday products are as followed-
A silvery-white metal, the chemical element of atomic number 50. Tin is very thin and light compared to steel
and used all over the place, in things like cars, computers, wheel barrows, bicycles, food cans, swing sets, backyard sheds the list goes on.
hard, strong, gray or bluish-gray alloy of iron with carbon and usually other elements, being the atomic number 26, iron (steel) is the second most common
on Earth. Anything a quarter inch thick or more i would say is considered steel in the scrap world. steel is used mainly in heavy structural items, heavy machinery, bridges and much more.
A reddish brown metal, this chemical element being atomic number 29.1 With copper being such a great conductor of electricity, copper is mostly used in electrical generators & motors, electrical wiring, and electronics such as radio, dvd players and television sets. Copper also conducts heat well, so it is used in motor vehicle radiators, air-conditioners and home
systems. Copper has been used for plumbing but is now being phased out and replace with plastic piping!
A yellow alloy mixture of copper and zinc elements. Brass is a mixture of two elements and does not have its own atomic number. Brass is mainly used for decoration because its bright
-like appearance! Items where low friction is required for example locks, gears, bearings, door handles, bullet casings as well as valves. They are also used for plumbing and electrical and especially in brass musical instruments such as trumpets, horns, bells, symbols etc..
A light soft silvery-gray metal. This chemical element being atomic number 13. Aluminum is used in a wide range of products across the world including pop & beer cans, a variety of foils, pots & pans, window frames, beer kegs, restaurant equipment as well as airplane parts. This is because of its particular properties contributed into the making of the products.
(non- corrosive metal)
Lead is the atomic number 82. Lead is a bluish-white lustrous
. It is very soft heavy thick pieces can be bent by hand very easily. Its highly
it is a relatively poor conductor of electricity.
Being resistant to corrosion it still has its down falls. It tarnishes upon exposure to air. Lead is naturally found in the earths crusts. Lead can also be found in plants, animals, air, water, dust, and soil.
is also a highly
metal as well as being a very strong
poisoning is a serious and sometimes fatal condition.
to protect wires and cables from corrosion! Lead absorbs vibrations and sounds. Lead play a big part in manufacture of ammunition. Most of the
in the production on
-acid storage batteries, such as the batteries found in our everyday vehicles.
Stainless steel has a shiny reflective silver look to it with a very nice finish. Stainless steel is a form of steel containing chromium, resistant to tarnishing and rust and does not have its own atomic number but with steel being the dominate element here 26 would be its best number. Due to the strength, flexibility and resistance to
, stainless steel is now commonly used in modern construction, basically all restaurant equipment, counter tops, backsplashes, cooking utensils, barbecues, kitchen appliances, surgical equipment and more.
(non- corrosive metal)
Zinc is a silvery-white looking metal that is a constituent of brass and is used for coating (galvanizing) iron and steel to protect against corrosion. Zinc is the chemical element of atomic number 30.
More than half of all
that is mined from our earth is
for galvanizing other metals such as steel and iron. Galvanizing is when these other metals are coated with a thin coating of
preventing them from corrosion and rust.
to form alloys with other metals such as brass, nickle, silver and aluminum solider.
Zinc oxide is widely used in the manufacture of very many products such as paints, rubber, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, plastics, inks, soaps, batteries, textiles and
is pretty much found in our
everyday lives and
in every cell of the human body, in the earth, in the foods that we eat as well as in products that we use regularly such as sunblock, automobiles, cosmetics, airplanes, appliances, surgical tools,
lozenges. Children need
for growth. Adults need
for reproduction and good health its part of our body's balance to life's secret.
What the more precious but commonly used in our everyday life?
The kinds of metals listed below are the more precious types and more valuable then our more common ones listed above.
Gold is a yellow and soft precious looking metal and being the chemical element of atomic number 79, gold has a high electrical conductivity making it perfect for electronics. Also it does not corrode or tarnish, unlike other highly conductive metals, such as copper and silver.
Gold is just about everywhere now, only most of it is hidden, in items like electronics, appearing on mother boards, ram chips, CPU chips & sockets, your cell phone, newer televisions, i pads etc.
There is more gold in the electronics contained our homes, businesses, stores and manufactures than there is found right now in actual mines right now!
Its also used in jewellery, but one of the more important attributes is gold holds and stores it's value in our currency!
Silver is a shiny grayish-white precious looking metal and being the chemical element of atomic number 47, silver has been know for being soft. Silver is used in jewellery and tableware.
is important, Silver is used to make many things like jewellery, tableware and mirrors, as it is the best reflector of visible light known to date. Silver does tarnish with time. Silver is used in dental alloys, solder and brazing alloys, electrical contacts and batteries.
Platinum is a precious silvery-white looking metal. Platinum is the chemical element of atomic number 78. It was first encountered by the Spanish in South America in the 16th century. Platinum is used in jewelry, electrical contacts, laboratory equipment, and industrial catalysts, catalytic converter on vehicles for emissions process.
Platinum is the heaviest of the precious metals and is non-corrosive and does not tarnish making it great to mix with gold. Does not wear and is very dense but its pretty looks can fetch a good price!
Nickle is a silvery-white looking metal and being the chemical element of atomic number 28, nickle has been know to be resistant to corrosion and is used to plate other metals to simulate the same resistant effect.
Nickle is used in shower taps and faucets. With nickles ability to withstand high heat,
minimizes corrosion, allowing the metal to be used for several decades without replacement. Nickle is also hazardous when inhaled and can result in death.
What are the most rare types of metals?
These metals you don't just find anywhere. These are exotic and rare metals. They are usually obtained through minerals such as sulfides, carbonates, and silicates.
Cobalt is a hard silvery-white magnetic looking metal and being the chemical element of atomic number 27, cobalt is used in other types of magnetic steels & stainless steels as well as in alloys used in jet turbines and
Cobalt is used in electroplating because of its
, hardness, and resistance to oxidation. Cobalt is also used as a tracer element for finding things like cancers in the human body. Probably key to finding a cure! Your body actually needs cobalt to survive and is manufactured in vitamin b12. It is also found in ceramics and pottery.
Mercury is a heavy silvery-white looking metal that is liquid at ordinary temperatures but being the chemical element of atomic number 80, mercury is commonly
in batteries, fluorescent lights, felt production, thermometers and barometers.
Most of these uses have been phased out by now in retail but are still around in the scrap metal world of recycling.
easily forms alloys called "amalgams" with other metals such as gold, silver and tin. The inhalation of
vapor can produce
effects on the nervous, digestive and immune systems, lungs and kidneys, and may be fatal or cause life time medical conditions!
Tungsten is a hard steel-gray looking metal of the transition series! Tungsten being the chemical element of atomic number 74, has a very high melting point of 3410°C and is used to make electric light filaments. Very tough metal and wear-resistant. Used in alloys such as steel for strengthening and protection!
Beryllium is a hard gray looking metal also the chemical element of atomic number 4.
is alloyed with copper or nickel to make springs, gyroscopes, electrical contacts, spot-welding electrodes and non-sparking tools, according to the Royal Society of Chemistry.
in high-speed aircraft's and missiles, as well as spacecraft and communication satellites. Does to its rarity this metal is not easy to get your hands on!
Bismuth is a brittle reddish-gray looking metal as well as being the chemical element of atomic number 83. Pure bismuth is a
brittle metal with a
pinkish color. Bismuth is usually mixed with other metals, such as lead, tin, iron or cadmium to form low-melting alloys.
Bismuth is used in fire sprinkler systems. This is because it does not melt easily. B
in ammunition and pyrotechnics, such as firework displays as well as some medicines!
Cerium is a silvery-white looking metal also being the chemical element of atomic number 58, c
is a component of mischmetal. cerium is being u
in the manufacture of alloys for cigarette lighters.
in incandescent gas mantles as well as glass polishing agents and as a catalyst in self-cleaning ovens.
with oxygen and can be set on fire simply by scratching the surface with a knife. It also
(rapidly), acids, bases, hydrogen gas, and other metals.
Cadmium is a silvery-white looking metal and is the
chemical element of atomic number 48. To date the most important use of
in the United States is in the production of ni-cad ( nickel -
), or rechargeable batteries.
It is also
in pigments, coatings and plating, manufacturing of plastic products, and alloys. Any form of cadmium taken on a high level can result in death. Low doses over long period of time can cause damage to kidneys, lungs and bones.
As a result to cadmium low coefficient of friction and its high fatigue resistance,
in alloys for bearings to help with the burning of metals. Cadmium is also used in children's jewellery to create a shiny coating appearance.
Lots of foods contain trace amounts of cadmium like notably
, as well as
, and some
. Others like
contribute to dietary cadmium intake. all keeping in mind that low doses over time can result to medical conditions!